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High school graduates sometimes take a gap year before the first year of college, for travel, work, public service, or independent learning. Many undergraduate college programs now commonly are five year programs.

This is especially common in technical fields, such as engineering. The five-year period often includes one or more periods of internship with an employer in the chosen field.

Many graduate students do not start professional schools immediately after finishing undergraduate studies, but work for a time while saving up money or deciding on a career direction. Schooling is compulsory for all children in the United States, but the age range for which school attendance is required varies from state to state.

Some states allow students to leave school between 14—17 with parental permission, before finishing high school; other states require students to stay in school until age Most parents send their children to either a public or private institution.

According to government data, one-tenth of students are enrolled in private schools. School districts are usually separate from other local jurisdictions, with independent officials and budgets. They taught a total of 55,, students, who attended one of , schools. Most children begin elementary education with kindergarten usually five to six years old and finish secondary education with twelfth grade usually 17—18 years old. In some cases, pupils may be promoted beyond the next regular grade. Parents may also choose to educate their own children at home ; 1.

Around 3 million students between the ages of 16 and 24 drop out of high school each year, a rate of 6. Around 60 percent of black dropouts end up spending time incarcerated. States do not require reporting from their school districts to allow analysis of efficiency of return on investment. The Center for American Progress commends Florida and Texas as the only two states that provide annual school-level productivity evaluations which report to the public how well school funds are being spent at the local level.

This allows for comparison of school districts within a state. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development says that this is due to focusing on the low end of performers. All of the recent gains have been made, deliberately, at the low end of the socioeconomic scale and among the lowest achievers. The country has been outrun, the study says, by other nations because the US has not done enough to encourage the highest achievers. About half of the states encourage schools to recite the Pledge of Allegiance to the flag.

Teachers worked from about 35 to 46 hours a week, in a survey taken in They spend 1, hours a year on their work, just below the national average of 1, hours for all workers. Transporting students to and from school is a major concern for most school districts. School buses provide the largest mass transit program in the country, 8.

Non-school transit buses give 5. This flight had other, non-educational ramifications as well. Integration took place in most schools though de facto segregation often determined the composition of the student body.

By the s, most areas of the country had been released from mandatory busing. School start times are computed with busing in mind. There are often three start times: It assumed a model where the average driver drove 80 miles per day. Elementary schools started at 7: While elementary school started earlier, they also finish earlier, at 2: Preschool refers to non-compulsory classroom -based early-childhood education. Preschool education may be delivered through a preschool or as a reception year in elementary school.

Head Start program , the federally funded pre-kindergarten program founded in prepares children, especially those of a disadvantaged population, to better succeed in school. However, limited seats are available to students aspiring to take part in the Head Start program. Many community-based programs, commercial enterprises, non-profit organizations, faith communities, and independent childcare providers offer preschool education.

Preschool may be general or may have a particular focus, such as arts education, religious education, sports training, or foreign language learning, along with providing general education. Only 69 percent of 4 year old American children are enrolled in early childhood development programs. Pre-Kindergarten age ranges from 4 to 5 years old. The curriculum for the day will consist of music, art, pretend play, science, reading, math, and other social activities. Both preschool as well as pre-k programs emphasize on inquiry base learning, however pre-k dives deeper into preparing kindergarten readiness.

Historically, in the United States, local public control and private alternatives have allowed for some variation in the organization of schools. Elementary school includes kindergarten through sixth grade or sometimes, to fourth grade , fifth grade or eighth grade. Basic subjects are taught in elementary school, and students often remain in one classroom throughout the school day, except for specialized programs, such as physical education , library , music , and art classes.

There are as of about 3. Typically, the curriculum in public elementary education is determined by individual school districts or county school system. The most recent curriculum that has been adopted by most states is Common Core. This description of school governance is simplistic at best, however, and school systems vary widely not only in the way curricular decisions are made but also in how teaching and learning take place. Some states or school districts impose more top-down mandates than others.

In others, teachers play a significant role in curriculum design and there are few top-down mandates. Curricular decisions within private schools are often made differently from in public schools, and in most cases without consideration of NCLB.

Public elementary school teachers typically instruct between twenty and thirty students of diverse learning needs. A typical classroom will include children with a range of learning needs or abilities, from those identified as having special needs of the kinds listed in the Individuals with Disabilities Act IDEA to those that are cognitively, athletically or artistically gifted.

At times, an individual school district identifies areas of need within the curriculum. Teachers and advisory administrators form committees to develop supplemental materials to support learning for diverse learners and to identify enrichment for textbooks. There are special education teachers working with the identified students.

Many school districts post information about the curriculum and supplemental materials on websites for public access. In general, a student learns basic arithmetic and sometimes rudimentary algebra in mathematics , English proficiency such as basic grammar , spelling , and vocabulary , and fundamentals of other subjects.

Learning standards are identified for all areas of a curriculum by individual States, including those for mathematics, social studies, science, physical development, the fine arts, and reading. Students are usually given more independence, moving to different classrooms for different subjects, and being allowed to choose some of their class subjects electives. It usually includes seventh and eighth grades and occasionally also includes one or more of the sixth, ninth, and very occasionally fifth grades as well.

High school occasionally senior high school includes grades 9 through Students in these grades are commonly referred to as freshmen grade 9 , sophomores grade 10 , juniors grade 11 and seniors grade At the high school level, students generally take a broad variety of classes without specializing in any particular subject, with the exception of vocational schools.

Students are generally required to take a broad range of mandatory subjects, but may choose additional subjects "electives" to fill out their required hours of learning. Each state sets minimum requirements for how many years of various mandatory subjects are required; these requirements vary widely, but generally include 2—4 years of each of: Science, Mathematics, English, Social sciences, Physical education; some years of a foreign language and some form of art education are often also required, as is a health curriculum in which students learn about anatomy , nutrition , first aid , sexuality , drug awareness , and birth control.

In many cases, however, options are provided for students to "test out" of this requirement or complete independent study to meet it. These are special forms of honors classes where the curriculum is more challenging and lessons more aggressively paced than standard courses.

Honors, AP or IB courses are usually taken during the 11th or 12th grade of high school, but may be taken as early as 9th grade. Some international schools offer international school leaving qualifications, to be studied for and awarded instead of or alongside of the high school diploma, Honors, Advanced Placement, or International Baccalaureate. Regular honors courses are more intense and faster paced than typical college preparatory courses. In schools in the United States children are assessed throughout the school year by their teachers, and report cards are issued to parents at varying intervals.

Generally the scores for individual assignments and tests are recorded for each student in a grade book, along with the maximum number of points for each assignment. End-of-term or -year evaluations are most frequently given in the form of a letter grade on an A-F scale, whereby A is the best possible grade and F is a failing grade most schools do not include the letter E in the assessment scale , or a numeric percentage.

The Waldorf schools , [68] [69] most democratic schools , [70] and some other private schools, give often extensive verbal characterizations of student progress rather than letter or number grades.

Some school districts allow flexibility in grading scales at the Student information system level, allowing custom letters or symbols to be used though transcripts must use traditional A-F letters. The act also required that students and schools show adequate yearly progress. This means they must show some improvement each year. When a student fails to make adequate yearly progress, NCLB mandated that remediation through summer school or tutoring be made available to a student in need of extra help.

Rural schools fare better than their urban counterparts in two key areas: First, students in small schools performed equal to or better than their larger school counterparts. During high school, students usually in 11th grade may take one or more standardized tests depending on their post-secondary education preferences and their local graduation requirements.

In theory, these tests evaluate the overall level of knowledge and learning aptitude of the students. A student may take the SAT, ACT, both, or neither depending upon the post-secondary institutions the student plans to apply to for admission. Most competitive post-secondary institutions also require two or three SAT Subject Tests formerly known as SAT IIs , which are shorter exams that focus strictly on a particular subject matter. Standardized testing has become increasingly controversial in recent years.

Creativity and the need for applicable knowledge are becoming rapidly more valuable than simple memorization. Opponents of standardized education [76] have stated that it is the system of standardized education itself [77] that is to blame for employment issues and concerns over the questionable abilities of recent graduates.

In recent years, grade point averages particularly in suburban schools have been rising while SAT scores have been falling. A major characteristic of American schools is the high priority given to sports, clubs and activities by the community, the parents, the schools and the students themselves. These sorts of activities are put in place as other forms of teamwork, time management, goal setting, self-discovery, building self-esteem, relationship building, finding interests, and academics.

These extracurricular activities and clubs can be sponsored by fund raising, or by the donation of parents who give towards the program in order for it to keep running. Students and Parents are also obligated to spend money on whatever supplies are necessary for this activity that are not provided for the school sporting equipment, sporting attire, costumes, food, instruments [87] These activities can extend to large amounts of time outside the normal school day; home-schooled students, however, are not normally allowed to participate.

Student participation in sports programs, drill teams , bands , and spirit groups can amount to hours of practices and performances. Most states have organizations that develop rules for competition between groups. These organizations are usually forced to implement time limits on hours practiced as a prerequisite for participation. Many schools also have non-varsity sports teams; however, these are usually afforded fewer resources and less attention. Sports programs and their related games, especially football and basketball , are major events for American students and for larger schools can be a major source of funds for school districts.

In addition to sports, numerous non-athletic extracurricular activities are available in American schools, both public and private. Activities include Quizbowl , [88] musical groups, marching bands, student government , school newspapers , science fairs , debate teams , and clubs focused on an academic area such as the Spanish Club or community service interests such as Key Club.

In , approximately 1. Department of Education first started keeping statistics. As of spring , there are 2. It is appearing that homeschooling is a continuing trend in the US with an 2 percent to 8 percent per annum over the past few years [91] Many select moral or religious reasons for homeschooling their children.

The second main category is unschooling , those who prefer a non-standard approach to education. The Demography for homeschoolers has a variety of people; these are atheists, Christians, and Mormons; conservatives, libertarians, and liberals; low-, middle-, and high-income families; black, Hispanic, and white; parents with Ph.

One study shows that 32 percent of homeschool students are Black, Asian, Hispanic, and others i. The National Education Association , the largest labor union in the United States, has been particularly vocal in the past.

At this time, over half of states have oversight into monitoring or measuring the academic progress of home schooled students, with all but ten requiring some form of notification to the state. Commonly known as special classes , are taught by teachers with training in adapting curricula to meet the needs of students with special needs.

The federal law, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act IDEA requires states to ensure that all government-run schools provide services to meet the individual needs of students with special needs , as defined by the law. Schools meet with the parents or guardians to develop an Individualized Education Program that determines best placement for the child.

Public schools that fail to provide an appropriate placement for students with special needs can be taken to due process wherein parents may formally submit their grievances and demand appropriate services for the child. At-risk students those with educational needs that are not associated with a disability are often placed in classes with students with minor emotional and social disabilities.

Some research has refuted this assertion, and has suggested this approach increases the academic and behavioral skills of the entire student population. In the United States, state and local government have primary responsibility for education.

The Federal Department of Education plays a role in standards setting and education finance, and some primary and secondary schools, for the children of military employees, are run by the Department of Defense.

K—12 students in most areas have a choice between free tax-funded public schools , or privately funded private schools. Public school systems are supported by a combination of local, state, and federal government funding.

Because a large portion of school revenues come from local property taxes, public schools vary widely in the resources they have available per student. Class size also varies from one district to another.

Curriculum decisions in public schools are made largely at the local and state levels; the federal government has limited influence. In most districts, a locally elected school board runs schools. The school board appoints an official called the superintendent of schools to manage the schools in the district. Local property taxes for public school funding may have disadvantages depending on how wealthy or poor these cities may be.

Some of the disadvantages may be not having the proper electives of students interest or advanced placement courses to further the knowledge and education of these students. Cases such as these limit students and causes inequality in education because there is no easy way to gain access to those courses since the education system might not view them as necessary.

The public education system does provide the classes needed to obtain a GED General Education Development and obtain a job or pursue higher education. The largest public school system in the United States is in New York City , where more than one million students are taught in 1, separate public schools.

Admission to individual public schools is usually based on residency. To compensate for differences in school quality based on geography, school systems serving large cities and portions of large cities often have magnet schools that provide enrollment to a specified number of non-resident students in addition to serving all resident students.

This special enrollment is usually decided by lottery with equal numbers of males and females chosen. Some magnet schools cater to gifted students or to students with special interests, such as the sciences or performing arts. Private schools in the United States include parochial schools affiliated with religious denominations , [] non-profit independent schools, and for-profit private schools.

For example, some churches partially subsidize private schools for their members. Some people have argued that when their child attends a private school, they should be able to take the funds that the public school no longer needs and apply that money towards private school tuition in the form of vouchers. This is the basis of the school choice movement. Average school size was There were , teachers. The number of students per teacher was about Private schools have various missions: Some cater to families seeking a small school, with a nurturing, supportive environment.

Unlike public school systems, private schools have no legal obligation to accept any interested student. Admission to some private schools is often highly selective. Private schools also have the ability to permanently expel persistently unruly students, a disciplinary option not legally available to public school systems. Unless specifically designed to do so, private schools usually cannot offer the services required by students with serious or multiple learning, emotional, or behavioral issues.

Although reputed to pay lower salaries than public school systems, private schools often attract teachers by offering high-quality professional development opportunities, including tuition grants for advanced degrees. According to elite private schools themselves, this investment in faculty development helps maintain the high quality program that they offer. Secretary Devos convened with Teachers of the Year from all states, territories, and the District of Columbia as well as the Department of Defense Education Activity on May 1, to discuss pressing concerns.

These educators are known for disputing government officials on relevant concerns, as in the case of former President Barack Obama whose focus on high-stakes or essential testing [] the teachers considered detrimental.

DeVos has been supporting the development of charter schools for many decades. DeVos also objects to teachers going on strike for higher pay.

These organizations alleged that the Department of Education challenged the responsibility of the Office of Civil Rights to conduct investigations related to racial and gender issues. All but seven of the leading countries are developing countries; ranked high because of a low GDP. Figures exist for education spending in the United States, both total and per student, and by state and school district. They show a very wide range in spending, but due to the varying spending policies and circumstances among school districts, a cost-effectiveness analysis is very difficult to perform.

However, scores in mathematics, science and language arts over that same period remained almost unchanged. Property taxes as a primary source of funding for public education have become highly controversial, for a number of reasons. Some states, such as Michigan, have investigated or implemented alternate schemes for funding education that may sidestep the problems of funding based mainly on property taxes by providing funding based on sales or income tax.

These schemes also have failings, negatively impacting funding in a slow economy. One of the biggest debates in funding public schools is funding by local taxes or state taxes. The federal government supplies around 8. National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved June 4, The remaining split between state and local governments averages Rural schools struggle with funding concerns. State funding sources often favor wealthier districts. The state establishes a minimum flat amount deemed "adequate" to educate a child based on equalized assessed value of property taxes.

This favors wealthier districts with a much larger tax base. This, combined with the history of slow payment in the state, leaves rural districts searching for funds.

Lack of funding leads to limited resources for teachers. Resources that directly relate to funding include access to high-speed internet, online learning programs and advanced course offerings.

One study found that school districts spend less efficiently in areas in which they face little or no competition from other public schools, in large districts, and in areas in which residents are poor or less educated.

The reliance on local funding sources has led to a long history of court challenges about how states fund their schools. These challenges have relied on interpretations of state constitutions after a U. Supreme Court ruling that school funding was not a matter of the U.

Rodriguez , U. The state court cases, beginning with the California case of Serrano v. Priest , 5 Cal. Perhaps the most famous adequacy case is Abbott v. Burke , N. The background and results of these cases are analyzed in a book by Eric Hanushek and Alfred Lindseth.

On September 11, , the state Supreme Court found the legislature in contempt for failing to uphold a court order to come up with a plan to boost its education budget by billions of dollars over the next five years. The state had argued that it had adequately funded education and said diverting tax revenue could lead to shortfalls in other public services. While the hiring of teachers for public schools is done at the local school district level, the pension funds for teachers are usually managed at the state level.

Some states have significant deficits when future requirements for teacher pensions are examined. In , these were projected deficits for various states: The test scores of students attending U. Out of 21 industrialized countries, U. Schools use several methods to determine grade placement. Higher education in the United States is an optional final stage of formal learning following secondary education , often at one of the 4, colleges or universities and junior colleges in the country.

Like high school, the four undergraduate grades are commonly called freshman, sophomore, junior, and senior years alternatively called first year, second year, etc. Students traditionally apply for admission into colleges. Schools differ in their competitiveness and reputation. Most colleges also consider more subjective factors such as a commitment to extracurricular activities, a personal essay, and an interview.

While colleges will rarely list that they require a certain standardized test score, class ranking, or GPA for admission, each college usually has a rough threshold below which admission is unlikely.

Some students enroll in double majors or "minor" in another field of study. The most common method consists of four years of study leading to a Bachelor of Arts B. These professional fields do not require a specific undergraduate major, though medicine, pharmacy, and dentistry have set prerequisite courses that must be taken before enrollment.

Some students choose to attend a community college for two years prior to further study at another college or university. In most states, community colleges are operated either by a division of the state university or by local special districts subject to guidance from a state agency. Those seeking to continue their education may transfer to a four-year college or university after applying through a similar admissions process as those applying directly to the four-year institution, see articulation.

Some community colleges have automatic enrollment agreements with a local four-year college, where the community college provides the first two years of study and the university provides the remaining years of study, sometimes all on one campus.

Some programs, such as medicine and psychology, have formal apprenticeship procedures post-graduation, such as residencies and internships, which must be completed after graduation and before one is considered fully trained. Other professional programs like law and business have no formal apprenticeship requirements after graduation although law school graduates must take the bar exam to legally practice law in nearly all states.

Generally, private universities charge much higher tuition than their public counterparts, which rely on state funds to make up the difference. Because each state supports its own university system with state taxes, most public universities charge much higher rates for out-of-state students. Annual undergraduate tuition varies widely from state to state, and many additional fees apply. Private schools are typically much higher, although prices vary widely from "no-frills" private schools to highly specialized technical institutes.

The mean annual total cost including all costs associated with a full-time post-secondary schooling, such as tuition and fees, books and supplies, room and board , as reported by collegeboard. College costs are rising at the same time that state appropriations for aid are shrinking. This has led to debate over funding at both the state and local levels.

From to alone, tuition rates at public schools increased over 14 percent, largely due to dwindling state funding. An increase of 6 percent occurred over the same period for private schools. According to Uni in the USA , "One of the reasons American universities have thrived is due to their remarkable management of financial resources. Two-thirds of college instructors were adjuncts. There are differences of opinion whether these adjuncts teach better or worse than regular professors.

There is a suspicion that student evaluation of adjuncts, along with their subsequent continued employment, can lead to grade inflation. American college and university faculty, staff, alumni, students, and applicants monitor rankings produced by magazines such as U. In the Times Higher Education World University Rankings , 27 of the top 50 universities, and 72 institutions of the top , are located within the United States.

A small percentage of students who apply to these schools gain admission. Also renowned within the United States are the so-called Little Ivies and a number of prestigious liberal arts colleges. Certain public universities sometimes referred to as Public Ivies are also recognized for their outstanding record in scholarship. Some of these institutions currently place among the elite in certain measurements of graduate education and research, especially among engineering and medical schools.

Each state in the United States maintains its own public university system, which is always non-profit. Most areas also have private institutions , which may be for-profit or non-profit. Unlike many other nations, there are no public universities at the national level outside of the military service academies.

Prospective students applying to attend four of the five military academies require, with limited exceptions, nomination by a member of Congress. Like acceptance to "top tier" universities, competition for these limited nominations is intense and must be accompanied by superior scholastic achievement and evidence of "leadership potential. Some apply to a relatively prestigious school with a low acceptance rate, gambling on the chance of acceptance but, as a backup, also apply to a safety school.

Lower status institutions include community colleges. Many community colleges have relationships with four-year state universities and colleges or even private universities that enable their students to transfer to these universities for a four-year degree after completing a two-year program at the community college.

Economics professor Alan Zagier blames credential inflation for the admission of so many unqualified students into college. He reports that the number of new jobs requiring college degrees is less than the number of college graduates.

In other words, it is not enough simply to spend more time in school; something has to be learned there. Still others accept both, and a few schools will not accept either, in which case students must seek out private alternatives for student loans. Grant funding is provided by the federal Pell Grant program. Major issues include assessment of proficiency versus growth, funding and legal protection of special education, and excessive student loan debt.

It has been alleged, since the s and especially in recent years, that American schooling is undergoing a crisis in which academic performance is behind other countries, such as Russia, Japan, or China, in core subjects. Congress passed the National Defense Education Act in in an attempt to rectify these problems, and a series of other legislative acts in later decades such as No Child Left Behind. According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, however, American students of ranked 25th in math, 17th in science, and 14th in reading compared with students in 27 other countries.

Recent allegations take the perspective of employers who demand more vocational training. Voters in both major parties have been critical of the Common Core initiative. In a Supreme Court decision concerning affirmative action in universities allowed educational institutions to consider race as a factor in admitting students, but ruled that strict point systems are unconstitutional.

African American academics Henry Louis Gates and Lani Guinier , while favoring affirmative action, have argued that in practice, it has led to recent black immigrants and their children being greatly overrepresented at elite institutions, at the expense of the historic African American community made up of descendants of slaves.

The rise of the high school movement in the beginning of the 20th century was unique in the United States, such that, high schools were implemented with property-tax funded tuition, openness, non-exclusivity, and were decentralized.

The academic curriculum was designed to provide the students with a terminal degree. The students obtained general knowledge such as mathematics, chemistry, English composition, etc. The provision of the high schools accelerated with the rise of the second industrial revolution. The increase in white collar and skilled blue-collar work in manufacturing was reflected in the demand for high school education.

In the 21st century, the educational attainment of the US population is similar to that of many other industrialized countries with the vast majority of the population having completed secondary education and a rising number of college graduates that outnumber high school dropouts. As a whole, the population of the United States is becoming increasingly more educated.

Post-secondary education is valued very highly by American society and is one of the main determinants of class and status. Since the s the number of educated Americans has continued to grow, but at a slower rate. Some have attributed this to an increase in the foreign born portion of the workforce. However, the decreasing growth of the educational workforce has instead been primarily due to slowing down in educational attainment of people schooled in the United States.

The cause cannot be excessively demanding college courses, since grade inflation has made those courses increasingly easy in recent decades. According to research from within the past 20 years, girls generally outperform boys in the classroom on measures of grades across all subjects and graduation rates. This is a turnaround from the early 20th century when boys usually outperformed girls. Boys have still been found to score higher on standardized tests than girls and go on to be better represented in the more prestigious, high-paying STEM fields.

There is an ongoing debate over which gender is the most short-changed in the classroom. The racial achievement gap in the US refers to the educational disparities between Black and Hispanic students compared with Asian and Caucasian students. African-American and Hispanic students are more likely to receive lower grades, score lower on standardized tests, drop out of high school, and are less likely to enter and complete college.

One explanation is the disparity in income that exists between African Americans and Whites. This school of thought argues that the origin of this "wealth gap" is the slavery and racism that made it extremely difficult for African-Americans to accumulate wealth for almost years after slavery was abolished. A comparable history of discrimination created a similar gap between Hispanics and Whites. This results in many minority children being born into low socioeconomic backgrounds, which in turn affects educational opportunities.

Another explanation has to do with family structure. Professor Lino Graglia has suggested that Blacks and Hispanics are falling behind in education because they are increasingly raised in single-parent families.

A third explanation which has been suggested, by, for example University of California, Berkeley Professor Arthur Jensen , in a controversial paper published in , is that there is an innate difference in intelligence between blacks and whites.

The idea that the difference in achievement is primarily genetic is controversial, [] and few members of the academic community accept these findings as fact. Other explanations offered for the racial achievement gap include: Most authors mention several such factors as influential on outcomes, both in the United States [] and worldwide.

Reading scores could not be reported due to printing errors in the instructions of the U. However, the picture changes when low achievers, Blacks and Hispanics, in the U. White and Asian students in the United States are generally among the best-performing pupils in the world; black and Hispanic students in the U.

Black and Hispanic students in the US do out perform their counterparts in all African and Hispanic countries. US fourth and eighth graders tested above average on the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study tests, which emphasizes traditional learning.

The United States is one of three OECD countries where the government spends more on schools in rich neighborhoods than in poor neighborhoods, with the others being Turkey and Israel. Poor education also carries on as students age. In the most recent survey done in , 33 nations took part with adults ages 16 to 65 in numeracy, literacy and problem-solving. Millennials in Spain and Italy scored lower than those in the U. Current education trends in the United States represent multiple achievement gaps across ethnicities, income levels, and geography.

Overall the households and demographics featuring the highest educational attainment in the United States are also among those with the highest household income and wealth.

Thus, while the population of the US is becoming increasingly educated on all levels, a direct link between income and educational attainment remains. In , Americans stood second only to Canada in the percentage of to year-olds holding at least two-year degrees.

Among to year-olds, the country stands tenth. The nation stands 15 out of 29 rated nations for college completion rates, slightly above Mexico and Turkey. It involved lengthy interviews of over 26, adults statistically balanced for age, gender, ethnicity, education level, and location urban, suburban, or rural in 12 states across the U. In addition to its economic impact, social science provides evidence that the level of educational attainment of a community also has quantifiable impacts on many aspects of well-being, including life expectancy, low birthweight rates, crime, and political engagement.

A study found that students who were expelled were three times as likely to become involved with the juvenile justice system the following school year. The United States is one of the very few developed countries where corporal punishment is officially permitted and practiced in its public schools, although the practice has been banned in an increasing number of states beginning in the s.

The punishment virtually always consists of spanking the buttocks of a student with a paddle in a punishment known as " paddling.

Mississippi, Texas, Alabama, Arkansas, and Georgia. The National Center for Education Statistics reported statistics about public schools in the United States in During the —16 school year in the United States, the National Center for Education Statistics reported the following: Nine percent of schools reported that one or more students had threatened a physical attack with a weapon. Ninety five percent of schools had given their students lockdown procedure drills, and ninety two percent had drilled them on evacuation procedures.

Forty-two percent of schools had at least one school resource officer. For some schools, a police officer, titled a school resource officer , is on site to screen students for firearms and to help avoid disruptions. The charter school movement began in and have spread rapidly in the United States, members, parents, teachers, and students to allow for the "expression of diverse teaching philosophies and cultural and social life styles.

Curricula in the United States can vary widely from district to district. Different schools offer classes centering on different topics, and vary in quality. Some private schools even include religious classes as mandatory for attendance. This raises the question of government funding vouchers in states with anti-Catholic Blaine Amendments in their constitution.

This in turn has produced camps of argument over the standardization of curricula and to what degree it should exist. These same groups often are advocates of standardized testing, which is mandated by the No Child Left Behind Act. There is debate over which subjects should receive the most focus, with astronomy and geography among those cited as not being taught enough in schools. Schools in the 50 states, the District of Columbia , the U. Virgin Islands , Guam , and the Northern Mariana Islands , teach primarily in English, with the exception of specialized language immersion programs.

In , , students in Puerto Rico were taught in Spanish , their native language. The Native American Cherokee Nation instigated a year language preservation plan that involved growing new fluent speakers of the Cherokee language from childhood on up through school immersion programs as well as a collaborative community effort to continue to use the language at home.

Of those, about 1. In the School Board of the state of Kansas caused controversy when it decided to eliminate teaching of evolution in its state assessment tests.

On February 13, , the board rejected these amended science standards enacted in , overturning the mandate to teach Intelligent Design. Almost all students in the U. Many states have laws governing what is taught in sex education classes or allowing parents to opt out. Some state laws leave curriculum decisions to individual school districts.

For example, a study by the Guttmacher Institute found that most U. Other studied topics, such as methods of birth control and infection prevention, sexual orientation , sexual abuse , and factual and ethical information about abortion , varied more widely.

However, according to a survey, a majority of the parent groups polled wants complete sex education in the schools. The American people are heavily divided over the issue. The margin of error was plus or minus 4. According to The 74 , an American education news website, the United States uses two methods to teach sex education.

Comprehensive sex education focuses on sexual risk reduction. This method focuses on the benefits of contraception and safe sex. The abstinence-emphasized curriculum focuses on sexual risk avoidance, discouraging activity that could become a "gateway" to sexual activities. In some states, textbooks are selected for all students at the state level, and decisions made by larger states, such as California and Texas, that represent a considerable market for textbook publishers and can exert influence over the content of textbooks generally, thereby influencing the curriculum taught in public schools, [].

This effect is however reduced with modern publishing techniques which allow books to be tailored to individual states. As of January , the four largest college textbook publishers in the United States were: Davis Company , W. Culturally-responsive curriculum is a framework for teaching that acknowledges and the various cultural backgrounds of all students in the classroom to make learning more accessible, especially for students of color.

The goal of culturally-responsive curriculum is to ensure equitable access to education for students from all cultures.

Culturally-responsive curriculum draws directly on the idea of a " hidden curriculum " or system of values that teachers impart on students in the classroom. Is it because I disliked your story and made my opinnion known? Please, do let me know. Listen this has got beyond silly and quite honestly tiresome.

You have stated your opinion and I have stated mine. Agree to disagree as they say. I Did not intend to stomp on your honour. So again I ask please.. Well like I previously stated my tie up "fantasies" started a few years ago with my little sister.

I think I was like 11 or We were doing it bc it was a fun game to play. Later on I saw the movie Tied Up maybe like 2 years later at age The movie was amazing to me back then. There was a lot of tying up in it. I realize it was R rated and not meant for 13 year old eyes bc of the killing and violence, but I did not care bc I had seen other R rated movies before. Then last year I went searching for the movie site and all of a sudden found lots of "sexual" sites.

By this time I was starting to get excited as teens often do when looking at those sites. I know it was illegal and recetly stopped. Btw I am sorry for using words like this but it seems necessary, I hope it does not get me censored.

I then started self bondage. I usually use socks, blankets, belts So that pretty much wraps it up I was glad to see some1 respond to my post. Thank you Blue dude for responding. I for one have nothing aganist stories about adults tying up kids, especialyl if the kids are excited by it. It is a way of bonding, and even though it is not traditional it still is. I Really honestly in all truth hoped to have something a few weeks ago. Like he commercial says, life comes at you fast.

Also from the wrong direction. Sounds good, A User. If you type up your story and save it on a text file, that would help. Looking forward to your story! Hi, Jenni here i found out about this site a couple of weeks back and finally decided to post a story.

Back when i was in yr11 we were doing p. One day when we were doing p. Since non of us could skip that well we all decided to mess around first we were whipping eachover with skipping ropes, but the we had a better idea we decided to tie eachover up. Manda said she would get tied up first so she was we got a rope and tied her wrists behind her back and then tied her ankles and knees together she was giggling for ages and so were me and katy, i asked katy to tie me up she said she would so me and katy left manda in the corner and went to go and get more skipping ropes we came back with about 10, she tied my wrists together really tight and then she got another rope and tied my wrists to my back then she got a rope and tied my ankles and knees together she still had sum rope so she tied manda the same way.

She still had 2 more ropes left so she tied 1 of them just below mandas shoulder and 1 below my shoulders. At that point me and manda were totally helpless but we could still speak so katy went into the store closet and got some duct tape out which should really be uesd to repair broken mats she the took off her socks and put one in manda mouth and put one in my mouth she then wrapped tape around our heads.

She had finished and we were all laughing our heads off but the only noise anyone could hear was a mmmppphhh! Katy and all the other girls ran to the changing rooms but me and manda were still tied. She then went crazy at us again sayin how dangerous it was etc. It was a right laff and if i could do that again i would. About a month a go now me 15 and my sister Hayley 16 were home alone the whole week-end.

My mom and dad were out at a wedding. My mom said non of us could go out, I told my mom that if Hayley went out I would tell you, but Hayley over heard.

My mom and dad had just drove off round the corner Hayley came down and said that she was going out all night i told her i was going to tell mom, then she said that if i told mom she was going to do something bad to me i asked what and she said i would find out, she asked me if i was going to tell and i still said i would.

Later on that day Hayley invited her friend manda around i was on the computer they snuck up behind me Manda hand gagged me while Hayley was tying my hands behind my back she tied it at first so it was nice and snug fit but then she tied the rope through the middle of my hands it was really really tight i tried to scream but it only came out as a mmmppphhh! She then got a sock a shoved it in my mouth and then got some duct tape and wrapped it round about 20 times!

I tried ti stand up but failed after many attemps i finally stud up i hoped to the door and just that second my sister opened it the door hit me and i fell over "going some where? I started struggling more but it seemed like the ropes were getting tighter. She came back and untied me. Test - posting a long story Babysitting a la mode repost from June Tie-up games became much less frequent for me when my friend Bob and his sister Jill moved away to another town when I was Condolences to her family.

My mum and her new boyfriend had just left the house, and my brother was upstairs listening to music. Our last roll of wide masking tape had just run out, and I knew there was another one in the garage.

I immediatly spied and picked up the tape, running back into the house. Once inside, I flipped off my trainers and gazed at the tape. It was still in its packing, which was quickly discarded. The tape had this one layer that was a right bugger to remove.

Once it was, I walked through into the living room, and sat down more or less in the middle of the room. Whilst tying my legs, the tape kept splitting into small sections, which was annoying as it wasted tape. I managed to successfully tie my ankles and above and below my kneecaps with two layers each. The tape held surprisingly tight, which was good.

Before I ever had decided to tie myself, I had only ever used the tape for ear-to-ear gags. It was only the night previously that I had decided to see how it would hold if I wrapped it around my head. I managed only one layer before the tape ran out, and it felt better and held tighter. I placed a piece of tape below my right ear before I began looping it tightly around my head. I wound 3 or 4 layers before I ripped off the strip.

I practiced mmmmmphing a bit before I worked on my wrists. This was quite hard, as I tried numerous times to anchor the tape to my right wrist and swing it around both. It failed miserably, with me only able to get about two layers on my wrists. I ripped off the tape and placed it by the sofa.

Then I dropped on my side, and began struggling and mmmmphing. The bonds and gag were very effective, proving to be a huge turn-on for me. I struggled around for about five minutes before I forcibly ripped the bonds loose and untied myself, dumping the large ball of tape in the bin.

The experience was pretty fun and I enjoyed it immensely. So much so, that I grabbed the tape from my draw and rushed downstairs for a repeat this morning, which was also immensely fun. OTOH, why should that apply only to tie-up games? A sick person might get excitement also by looking ar children playing chess.

First off my apologizes for taking so long to continue this story and I have finished defending myself and will just post my stories and let people comment what they want I was carried towards a large white cube van parked in the garage. I could see my aunt and her friend Cathy standing at the back of the van looking inside then up at me being carried over.

My aunt smiled as I got carried closer. She said something like Put him in the van. His eyes went wide behind his masked cowl as he saw me being laid down on my side beside him. The man that carried me to the van started to tape my ankles together with the same white tape used to gag stan and Fran had climbed in too and she had started to tie my hands behind my back with rope.

I looked up to see my aunt smiling with a an evil grin and lighting up a cigarette and beside her was Cathy also watching me be tied up. I said something like She laughed and told me we were to be taken back to her other hideout and with that she closed the rear doors of the van as I was finished being tied and the man tore off a strip of tape and quickly taped my mouth shut before I could say anything else. He got behind the wheel of the van and Fran got into the passenger side. She too lit up a cigarette and let out a laugh and she looked back and saw us squirming on the floor of the van.

My aunt tapped on the side of the van window and I could hear her say she was going to meet them at the hideout. And the van started up and drove out of the garage. I loved the fact we were being kidnapped and loved the fact we were tied up in the van. It was very exciting to be in peril like that in a play setting. I recognized it as the Pottery Shop where I had been brought once before by my aunt and her friend Cathy and got very excited I had posted my adventures of being taken to the studio on a previous posting My mind flashed to the conveyor belt and hoped they planned on tying us up on it.

Suddenly I was startled by the side door of the van being slid open and seeing Fran and the man standing there again I never did learn his name Fran ordered the "henchman" to pick me up and he pulled me out and hoisted me easily over his shoulder again. I tried to see where I was being taken as I was carried out of the van.

I could see my aunt standing at the open rear metal door of the pottery studio smiling. I was carried inside and plunked down on a stool and watched as Stan as Batman was carried in by Fran and Cathy and plunked down on another stool beside me.

My aunt came over smiling. I glanced over my shoulder at the conveyor belt. It was a 20 - 25 ft long rubber conveyor belt that fed into a large furnance like structure that was the kiln and used for baking the clay pottery. My aunt saw me looking back. Fran rubbed her hands gleefully. Stan was placed down on the conveyor belt in a sitting position and I was sat beside him with my back against his, also in a sitting position.

I was loving it and loved the fact my aunt as Catwoman and cathy as one of her henchwomen had lit up a cigarette and we were smiling and watching us be tied tighter together. I of course tensed against the rope and squirmed as did Stan. My aunt circled around us as we squirmed on the belt and went to the control panel.

Slowly feeding us towards the open door of the kiln. My aunt walked over to the end of the conveyor belt and pointed at us and laughed. Beside her was Cathy who was also giggling and pointing.

That brought even louder laughter and giggling from Fran,Cathy and even the man chuckled as he watched by the back door. I did my heroic best straining against heavy rope that pinned me to Stan and could feel him struggling hard too as we were slowly fed along by the conveyor belt. You do realize that believing that people only do things for ulterior motives is a sign of sociopathy.

Dude, get professional help! Boywonder We have a major request for you. Braggadoucous" I was wandering if you could repost the first part or send it to me. Well to start off,im 19 but this story happend when i was At this point i was really scared cuz i noticed we were no where near my house any more,it was kind of a secluded area,we came to a stop in a vacant lot with dirt grounds,they both got out of the car and went into the trunk the 40 year old had a roll of duct tape,and i didnt see what the other had.

This is a little different I was chilling outside with three kids all about Anyways, we were fooling aroud on a seesaw trying to neuter everyone by slamming it up and down , when the three of them decided they wanted to pin me to the ground.

I figured why the heck not, theyr just little kids. So after a few minutes of grappling, they finally got me to the ground, only to have me roll over on top of them understand i took some martial arts. I let the flee, figuring it would be more fun to take them on seperatly.

One of them went up onto the slide When he slide back, he shoe got caught on the top, and came off. I met him at the bottom, pinned his arms behind his back with a hand and a foot, with my other foot kept his shoeless ankle down, and tickled him to death with my free hand.

Mustve been tickling him for about ten minutes before one of the other guys came and checked me. That was very cruel what they did, Sarah. Yes, they were stupid for not thinking about the implications for leaving someone tied up like that. Hey I know there are some people i dont not if all of you that dont like invented experiences. I have good imagination to make stories but if itll start a confrontation here i wont post it. Just tell me if its ok.

Before doing a big self tie up and waiting for the keys to my handcuffs to freeze, I decided to do a quick shower tie up. I got out duct tape and handcuffs with these pins to push in to unlock the cuffs, so I could release my self at any time.

I pulled on a purple addidas speedo and went into the bathroom. As the water was running, I duct taped my ankles and knees. I lifted myself into the shower and plugged the drain. I handcuffed my hands behind me and flipped onto my stomach. For effect, I struggled a little as the water gradually got higher and higher.

I flipped onto my back and just sat. By now the water was chest, so I unpluuged the drain, unlocked the handcuffs, and cut the tape away. I then took a regular shower. This story takes place when i was 17 and in my 3rd year of high school,i was always missing class so they eventually sent me to an alternative program school,its a small school with about,20 student,4teachers. OUCH to the basement,on the way there another teacher just looked at me and my captor and quipped,another talkative student huh, i was shocked that no one seemed to care iwas bound and gagged.

I have a great story about being tied and gagged by a girlfreind and her mother,both who are hispanic. Your words made me see how clear your thoughts go. Not agresive, not pasive just acertive.

Im dont like that type of tieup situations, K. Dont care for people who dont have your likes in TUGS. This is friendly tone, not a mean one JD since you are the only one who comments on my stories i just wanted to let you know the situation with the hispanic mother and daughter is by no way sexual its just three people having fun ill post it and hope ur not offended.

Does any one have any good kidnap stories to post cuz i love to read them. PS were has aunt bondage gone she had great stories,not that the stories are not good she just promised more Sorry if i ofended you by thinking you will post something like that, it wasnt my intention. I believe what was meant is that you put ice on the redness after removing the gag. This relaxes the blood vessels under the skin and shrinks the irritation on the surface, returning it to a normal color.

Hope this was helpful. Since I have been "hogging" the board. Thanks again for all those that have continued to encourage me.

I will finish the last story I started posting and I am pleased to see Canuck has okayed fictional stories as long as they are reasonable and could happen Have a few ideas for some fictional tales. OK Here I go. Give feedback good or bad At night I was drinking a glass of milk before going to bed.

Suddenly i heard a noise going upstairs. Ididnt turn on the lights and went up big mistake and as soon as i got to the second floor i was tackled by someone into the floor. I was laying on my chest -What the mmmmmmpppppphhhhhmmm- I was gagged with dirty sock. My arms wer pinned with the knees over them. Then, as i was trying to take out the sock with my mouth, I heard a sound of duct tape. Five times around my my mouth.

Then my wrist were tied side to side with cotton rope very tight, and after that i felt the person disappeared. Seconds later the lights went on and Matt, a friend of mine, was sranding there watching the beggining of his job. He was smiling a lot. He was wearnig a short jeans and a red t-shirt, his socks were in my mouth so he was barefeet.

I was sliding away from him when he seated on my back on my tied hands. He got my feet and tied them with cotton rope again very hard. Then he carried me to my room there he tied anothr rope alwayas cotton around my shoulders and grabed me and hangged me by that rope in hook that I had in the wall for my jacket which was on tha desk right now. He grabbed my tied barefeet and started tickling them. My gag didnt aloud me to laugh or ask for mercy. About 20 minutes later he stopped. Matt grabbed me from the hook and put my on the floor.

Then he got a liitle piece of rope and tied it between my feet, then he pull them to my hands and tied it between them in the other rope. Then he realized my feet were in a vulnerable position.

He tickled me again but this time all over my chest and in my ligs and feet. He enjoyed see me struggling while that 10 minutes. He undid the hogtie and left me tied as the beggining. This time he took consideration i just tortured me with that for about 3 minutes. I was so tired. He intied me and bring me some water while i rested on my bed. Im glad Canuck said you could make up stories. I really liked it. It was different from the others I seen here.

I liked the mini electroshock part of it. I hope you keeping most more of your stories. With permission to make up stories it would vary the stories a little bit more. However, I envy the caution with which u have compiled the stories. Some people r black, others r white and those that have gone crazy on carrots r orange. I, a teen, get a sexual thrill out of being tied up. But folks, act ur ages. U are grown individuals and should be able 2 accept your differences.

For it is up to our respecting governments 2 decide what is appropriate. And hockeygal, I wanted 2 say that U are hot. How old are U and, I know it sounds creepy on the internet but, are U single? It took me about 5 minutes 2 get 2 the bottom of the page. Oh yes, and I should have a notable post within three months. Hope to hear read a goodone from you. I really dont wanna bother anyone. I guess i wont have an experince of TUGS in my life, thats why i like to make this stuff.

Anyone wanna chat on msn? Canuck i read in the archives that there was a bob chat in this site. Is there any yet? Also read there was a msn comunity i dont know how to get to comunities Thanks. My friend Ryan 15, lbs, well built with brown hair and blue eyes and I 15, lbs, skinny wiht brown hair and brown eyes were exploring a house under construction several years ago.

I had some rope in my backpack. He was wearing a tight light blue t-shirt and khaki cargo shorts. I was wearing a white t-shirt and black Nike soccer short America short.

We decided to try a little tie-up fun upon seeing the empty beams where the ceiling would be. I took my shirt off and he tied my hands together in front, then threw a length of the rope over the beam. He pulled it tight so I had to stand on my tip-toes.

He then tied it off and came over to me. He made me stand on a wood box about a foot tall, then went over and pulled the rop so tight I was standing on my toes on the box. He then came over, and with an evil grin, kicked the box out.

I was left hanging. He quickly tied my feet together, then tied a knot in my shirt. He shoved the shirt in my mouth and tied it off in back. Then, with the same evil grin, he started tickling me. He went all around for about twenty minutes, moving from my feet to my ribs to my armpits. After than, he lowered me, but left my hands tied.

He made me walk to his house in the 60 degree Texas fall night like that. After we got there, he tied my feet back together and gagged me with a sock and duct tape. I fell asleep sometime, but remember enjoying that night a LOT. Im posting 3 stories here I will go 1 by 1 to make it clear they are different. Well, I was at my 1 friends about 3 or 4 monthes ago and another friend of mine was over too. His parents were out of town and the person who was watching hi mwas out getting pizza.

We were in the basement messing around, when all of a sudden the idea of tying each other up came up. We were all wearing jeans which was a good thing bc otherwise the tape would have realy hurt. Well as I remember I was tied up first.

If you could not tell from the title we used box tape. My 1 friend sat on my back and taped my legs and the other taped my hands after that. I struggled to get free but my one friend is really strong. After a little while I either got free or we cut the tape cant remember which. Next we tied up my friend whose house we were at Ill call him his real name which is Mike. The same thing happened as with me. Thenn Mike and I tried to tie up Jeff, my muscular friend, we finally succeeded.

Well after that I think the pizza got their and we wnet up and ate. She was hiding under a blanket since we were babysitting, and I tied up her hands and her feet and tickled her feet and sides. I let her go after a few minutes not wanting to influence the mind of the young child we were babysitting. If you remember i got into bondage bc of the games my sister and I played a few years ago, so I guess I still enjoy playing those game every now and then.

Well this is my last story in my set of 3 for this morning. This one occured either late Monday night or early Tuesday morning was not keeping that good of track of the time. I was reading some of the stories and I being into bondage decided to tie myself up. I put on a pair of socks so the tape would not hurt my ankles as much. I used duct tape to tie my ankles together. Then i tied a rope around that. Then I gagged myself using a blanket I had laying on the ground by my bed, in my stash area.

I then tied my hand with the rope I had tied around the tape, hogtying myself. The rope I used was a rope that had fallen out of a pair of shorts I own. It was not my best self bondage incident but it is the most recent. Please feel free to comment on my stories whether ur comments be positive or negative, I would like feedback that i can use to decide whether or not to keep posting, and JD ur welcome for the response.

Of course we wanted to have fun again. So we all walked to different corners of the house and counted to 60 before we started the game. I crept down the stairs and heard a doorknob creak as it turned. I looked behind to see if it came from upstairs and saw nothing, so I hit the ground and waited to see if any doors opened.

Then I saw both of them. Hannah came out of the basement and Sarah had come in from outside where the hot tub was about 15 seconds before. Sarah made her way from outside to the kitchen without a sound before Hannah noticed. Then I saw Hannah make her way toward the stairs and come up them. I hurried back into her room and waited behind the door.

I heard her walk down the hall and come into her bedroom. I came from behind and gagged her with duct tape and tied her wrists together with rope behind her back. I then quickly tied her feet together. Before I left to find Sarah I noticed a feather in her room and decided to tickle her a bit. Mostly on her feet but all over her body too and she giggled so bad that she wimpered and cried. I then left to go find Sarah. We had both seen each other so we both automatically thought that there was no point in running.

So she being just a tad bit smaller than me attempted to wrestle me to the ground. She ran at me and jumped at me and I caught her in mid air.

She started hitting me so I hit the ground with me on top of her. She was still struggling so I sat on her stomach and wrapped my legs around hers so she would stop kicking.

Then I basicall laid down on her and spread her arms out so she would stop struggling. I gagged her with cloth and duct tape on top of that, then I blindfolded her with a bandana. I took off her blue t-shirt to reveal her matching blue bra, then I tied her wrists together and tied them to a hook in the ceiling meant to hang a disco ball.

Then I slid off her oh-so-tight jeans to reveal a matching blue thong, after sliding off the matching blue ankle socks I tied her legs spread-eagle to a desk and a bed post. Then I moved on to Hannah to properly tie her up. I untied her but left the gag and added a bandana blindfold. Then, I picked her up and put her on her bed. Then, I slipped off her pink t-shirt to reveal her matching pink bra.

Then, I tied her wrists together and tied them to her headboard. Then I slipped off her oh-so-tight jeans and her matching pink ankle socks to reveal her matching pink thong. Then I tied her legs spread-eagle to the bedposts. Then I got an idea, I was going to be really mean.

I took out my cell phone and took a few pictures of them. I then went downstairs and watched tv for a little bit, all the while calling them every 30 seconds hehe.

I went back up after watching a show to find them still tied up but both looked exhausted. I let down Hannah first and she said that she had an idea for me later.

I then let down Sarah. The next day during school Hannah told me her idea, I thought it was great! Yeah, I can imagine Detective Benson talkign about that too.

May want to tone it down a wee bit. My dreambook for tie-up stories: I will leave poor erika alone. It is a waste of energy. That was too funny meatball that u attack her in one post and then me in next.

This truely has gotten way past silly. Please post all fictional stories at his site http: Im changing my alias from Meatball to Erikalover the trouble maker. Thanks to JD and Eriak for suggesting the change. Now my name will be more desriptive: Boywonder the reason I changed my post was after talking with Erika I realized how stupid you were being towards here.

I realized that you were being immature and that she was right. PS I love you Erika. Richard UK, now that canuck has solved the problem please can you start posting you stories I myself and I think a lot of other readers here would like to read them. Hope you can post them soon. I am quite tall, female, brown shoulder lengh hair, 16 years old, quite slim and i love to be tied up. About a month ago my parents were out for the whole week-end at a funeral while i was stuck looking after my brother Jason Jason had 2 of his friends over Mark and Tom my english teachers son both 11 for a sleepover.

I was chattin to my friends on msn wjile all the boys were being strangly quiet. I was really tired so i went to bed at about mid night, i stripped down into my bra and thong and crawled into bed. I was woken up by Jasons hand going over my mouth i mmmppphhhed and they turned the light on i saw Mark and Tom run in with it seemed a mile of cotton rope, 2 rolls of red duct tape and a pair of socks.

Jason started to tie my ankles and then my feet and then my knees. Jason then started 2 film me on his phone while Mark and Tom were taking pictures. I was really loving being tied up to be honest with you but i was disliking it because i was tied up in my bra and thong infront of my brother.

I was struggling but think i fell asleep i woke up and there was about 10 kids staring at me i screamed but it came out as a scilent mmmmmmppppppppphhhhhh i was struggling like crazy Marks and Toms mom arrived Toms mom my english teacher!

Toms and Marks stuff was in my room right next to me. My english teacher was coming up the stairs and walked in on me tied up "oh God" she walked up to me and asked if Jason, Tom and Mark did this i nodded. She took my gag off and i spat out the socks and caught my breath she told Marks mom about this and they were both grounded for 2 months i laughed at them and i told my english teacher that i would sort Jason out they left and i started chasing Jason around the house and finally caught him and tied him up and gagged him and then i started tickling him non stop for an hour he then started crying and i started laughing at him and told him it surved him right and untied him.

An hour later my parents came home and they asked how our week-end was and we said it went fine. No one seems 2 reply 2 my comments. That my attempts at wit and quirky disposition disturb U? That Umpa Loompas are undermining society? That and I know that this will B controversial I am just an annoying sod who nuns avoid by crossing the road?

My cousin is a girl named Kayla. She was reluctant but said yes. She told me to strip to my boxers because she liked that sight. Then she told me to stand up against a metal pole and she tied my hands behind me and the pole. Then she tied my feet around the pole. The pole was cold and so was the basement. Then she took a long piece of rope and coiled it around me from shoulders to ankles. Then she found a role of duct tape and wrapped it around my head and around the pole about 10 times.

So there I was tied up good and gagged to a pole in my boxers by my cousin. Then she said she was satisfied and found a huge bead sheet and lightly wrapped it around me so I was camouflaged from anyone. Then I heard her walk upstairs. After about an hour she came back and took the sheet off. She saw I was still there and she laughed. She played around with me for a few minutes and ran upstairs again.

The next thing I knew I hear car doors slamming and speeding off. Then with only her and I in the house I was screwed. My socks were off already and she started tickling me. She kept doing that for a half hour and moved up my helpless body. I was screaming in my tape gag but no one was around. Then suddenly we heard cars come back in the driveway. She quickly untied me and I got my clothes on and when they came in we were sitting and talking.

Great story some guy. I would like to know if I could post a role play here with the approval of theother person in it, since it is in real life but not real I was wondering if I could. Please respond with approval or disapproval whichever is your opinion.

I wont post it unless i get some approval and the other person approves. Deville"-Bondage in showbusiness Well, my showbusiness. Constantine here, coming back from the dead.

So here it is folks! My good friend, Eric, is in his first year at film college and a movie buff. Our first flick was a 3 minute short based off a poem starring him and I. Eric came to me with this idea about a psychiatrist who abducts and tortures his patients for kicks. I wanted to be the nutball stalking his prey in the parking garage, swooping in for the attack. I added an abduction scene and a longer more in depth bondage scene.

I sent him back the script, and he liked it, and we agreed to shoot over the weekend. Basically the plan was that I was the killer psychiatrist and he was the victim. The abduction scene was simple. I dressed all in black and watched on as a tired business man Eric wearing a suit and tie strolled into an empty parking garage. As he got into his car he looked into the rearview mirror and there I was in the back seat. I put my hand around his mouth but he elbowed me and exited the car.

I went after him. I caught up and tried to strangle him unconscious fake of course but he elbowed me in the stomach and threw me against a car and began to strangle me.

I quickly pulled out a rag and a chloroform bottle which in reality was empty ear medicine bottle with water in it. I quickly dabbed the rag and forcefully placed it over his mouth and nose, I then turned the tides and flipped him around as he took deep breaths of the rag and his actions began to slow I moved him limp arm around to check if he was out, and he was out I previously told Eric to play as limp as possible when he was unconscious, to make it realistic and he did.

I slowly laid him down on the ground and turned him on his stomach. I began to search for his wallet and cell phone.

I took them out and threw them into my abduction van. I then took out a big roll of black electrical tape. I began to repeatedly wrap his wrists with the tape as tight and secure as possible. I did the same for his ankles. I tore off a big piece of black tape and turned him over on his back and pressed it tightly against his lips and then smoothed it out. I picked up his limp body and wrapped my arms around his chest and slowly dragged him to a trunk of my van and threw him in.

Sure, the scene only lasted about 2 minutes, but it was A LOT of fun to me. Though bounding and gagging Eric was fun, but.. Thus as Eric finished editing the movie, he hinted that we should make a second one, this time the psychiatrist abducts yet another victim and a detective is hot on his tracks. I instantly said I would write the script and we should start it as soon as possible.

The 1 st one was mostly about the psychiatrist, but in the 2nd one I focused more on the victim. I made the victim a cute young girl with a tortured past, that way she could be mean and feisty when she had to be.

For the part I had my eye on this cute girl named Erica that was in my chemistry class with me. I knew her pretty well, and figured since I helped her with one of her previous projects, she could help me. I simply asked her one day and gave her a script.

She was short, around 5"4, a brunette, had a great body, and a very girl-next-door look to her. During class on the day of the shoot, I remember thinking how cute she was and laughing to myself knowing that she would be screaming while bound and gagged in my basement that night.

Kinda scary when you think about how my mind works. She looked positively great that night. She barely wore any make up because she was naturally beautiful. She was a great actor. Our last few scenes of the night were the abduction scenes, and some of the torture scenes.

She slowly slipped in unconsciousness and damn was she could, her eyes rolled back into her head and she went limp. Therefore we did all the tying and gagging off camera. As Eric worked on the camera, I sat her down in a folding chair and took out some thick white rope and some silver duct tape. I began to wrap the rope around her thighs and chair 3 or 4 times and tied it in a sturdy knot.

I did the same for her chest. I removed her flip flops and revealing her cute little feet. I told her to hold her feet up so it can be easier for me to tie her ankles, but in reality I just wanted to be close and see her cute little soles. I wrapped the rope tightly around her ankles and placed them back down.

I walked towards her with a roll of duct tape in my hand. This is gonna hurt to rip off. I tore off a strip of tape and placed it firmly over her lips and smoothed it out. Anyway, we started on the scene, and when we did she became a whole different person. She went from joking around to waking up and frantically wriggling around in her bounds, almost to the point where the chair fell over.

She actually made herself cry at one point. Watching her from behind the scenes, seeing this funny happy girl transform into a struggling, screaming, helpless, damsel in this eerie environment, freaked me out a bit.

And the weirdest part was that I was the killer. I slowly walked around her chair as she struggled and whipped around violently. I put my hands on her shoulders. I ripped off her gag and she tried to catch her breath. I walked around picked up tools and joked around with my helpless victim. Erica gave a strong real performance. Eric cut, and got into his role as the detective. Erica began to cry as the detective showed up and pulled off her gag.

We quickly untied her and she streched from nearly an hour of being bound and gagged. She said it was a fun experience and If we ever needed her for a movie again, call her. Thanks guys and sorry for the length. Canuck I was wondering if you could get on msn messenger, I really need to talk to you about a few things. Party Guy I was wondering if I made up a story if I could use an element from ur last story.

I would edit it a little bit of course and credit you with the inspiration for that part. Please Respond to this and my last post. Oops I forgot something in my last post. If you would could you post the link to the movies when you put them online. I would be interested in viewing them. Hey i like the storys on this site.

Some of the storys that i read have there parents tieng them up. That was a great story, J.! A big fat yes to J Constantine,We would all love to see your movies. I am more partial to seeing males tied up in roles like eric played. Cant wait to see them. Any chance we could get to see these "production shots? You know, strictly from a film makers point of view? She is SO ticklish.

Hi im Jason and this just happened to me. Another cute playful tie-up you got to engage in, with a perfect context! Naturally, I prefer the part where you got to tie up Erica rather than Eric. Thanks for sharing that awesome story with us! As for scene and situation ideas for your next film, my advice would be to not "overdo" it, and make it too obvious what the film is about, if you know what I mean. You know, stuff like that.

I just wanna thank you guys very much for the positive feedback. And, yes, I do get what you mean by not turning an independent film into just a bondage fetish movie. Hey everyone, I just found this site around a week ago and I wanted to share my story about the first time I tied up my girlfriend Brittany.

Brittany is probably about an average height at about 5 foot 5 with a nice body and short brown hair. Anyways time for what happened. We had already been going out for a few months and this one day she was over at my house. I have liked seeing people get tied up for as long as I can remember and I was hoping for this day to be the day I would get to tie up Brittany. We were both just sitting on the couch watching TV when she did something that really surprised me, just as I was about to say something she just put her hand over my mouth and giggled, then continued to say something about whatever show was on at the time.

After a few seconds I took her hand off my mouth, but as soon as I was about to talk she put it right over my mouth again!

This time when I took her hand away I also grabbed her wrists and held them together. Are you gonna tie me up? On my way back I grabbed her thick scarf she had worn over it was winter after all. I tied her wrists together and tied her ankles together with the rope I had with me, then I picked her up and carried her back out to the couch to watch TV.

I watched TV and Brittany while she gently tried to get loose even though she seemed to enjoy being tied up. She was struggling a bit and saying how she would get loose in no time, so I reached around her and put my hand over her mouth and held her down while she struggled more and made little hmmpphh sounds.

I grabbed her scarf then and when I help it up to her mouth she gave me a funny look, then she opened her mouth and let me pull her scarf into her mouth and pull it tight behind her head. It was a really long scarf so I pulled it around her head and through her mouth a second time before I tied it off to gag her. I got the rest of the rope and tied her knees together and wrapped rope around her body so her arms would be stuck to her back.

While I folded the bandana she started to struggle and try to talk through her gag but only made more hhmmpphhh sounds, and after watching a bit of that I blindfolded her.

So I pulled off her socks and then she really started to get going so after a bit of that I tickled her sides for a while. After about fifteen minutes of her laughing into her gag, rolling around and struggling the bandana slid off her eyes and rested around her neck. I stopped tickling her and went to fix her blindfold but she gag-talked a lot more like she really wanted to say something, so I left the bandana around her neck and untied her gag then took it out of her mouth.

She told me she really had to go to the bathroom from all this tickling. So I untied her and when she came back she let me tie her hands in front of her and she left the bandana hanging loosely around her neck.

During part of the show we were watching I pulled the bandana back over her eyes and hand gagged her again while she struggled a bit more. It was starting to get a bit later on and she had to head home for dinner so I untied her and she handed the bandana back to me. On her way out Brittany almost forgot her scarf that I had gagged her with so I tossed it to her. When she was putting it on she actually pulled it into her mouth and gagged herself with it for a moment, then she just wrapped it around her neck and smiled as she left.

The next day then she had her first bit of revenge on me. Almost forgot, this happened during the winter break of our school year when my parents went to visit my brother in another state but I stayed home for work and my girlfriend and we were both around sixteen. Now whenever she wears a scarf like that I always think of gagging her, and whenever she wears that scarf I first gagged her with it usually leads to someone being tied up. The story starts on a friday night. I was just chillin in my room minding my own business when I hear giggling suddenly turn silent.

Then all of a sudden my door is thrown open and in come my sister with her hoarde of friends. They just looked at me with this maniacal look on their face and thats when I started to get a little scared. I was only wearing Pj pants and boxers, so no socks or no shirt Anyway, the whole bunch of girls grabbed me and dragged me into my sisters room and onto the floor. I realized this after a few minutes of struggling.

They grabbed a whole bunch of belts, duct tape, a sock, and even a pair of handcuffs. First they wrapped a belt extremely tight around my waist then they took one of those slip knot belts and did the loop. They forcefully pushed both my legs through the loop and tightened it as hard as they could.

It hurt quite a lot! Then they ran the rest of the belt in between my legs a few times and tied it to the waist belt. It was a very tight predicament. Next despite my protests they took the handcuffs and handcuffed my hands behind my back, behind the part of the belt that was connected to the waist belt. Its hard to describe, but it was like a semi hogtie thing. Now during this whole time I was whining and squirming a lot, cause I couldnt let a whole bunch of girls take me over.

And in my mind, I nodded yes. Then duct tape was wrapped around my head about 10 times. I couldnt make a sound! The night was pretty crazy.

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